Any impairment in the secretion of insulin is described as diabetes of which there are two types.
Type 1 Diabetes
Hypoglycemia or type 1 diabetes, is when there is a deficiency of glucose in the blood and too little to reach your cells properly, if at all, this is a condition people are born with, which is not linked to diet or lifestyle choices as its causes.
- Characterized by very high blood glucose levels since the beta cells are destroyed and insulin can no longer be synthesized and released into the bloodstream.
- Insulin injections are crucial to sustain blood sugar levels in a diabetic’s bloodstream and these injections are required for life.
Type 2 Diabetes
Too much glucose in the blood is referred to as hyperglycemia or type 2 diabetes, which can cause severe complications as nerve damage, kidney damage and eye problems if kept untreated.
The constant stimulation of the production of insulin may and does at epidemic levels in the United States, eventually lead to insulin resistance, a condition known as type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is a condition that typically develops as a result of obesity, overweight and lifestyle choices.
- Insulin resistance or deficiency occurs in the body, so the uptake of blood sugars becomes stalled or impotent altogether
- Beta cells are damaged, but not to the extent of type 1 diabetes.
- Beta cells are still able to do their job, but to a much lesser extent, and certainly not enough to meet the body’s requirements.
- Characterized by a high rate of glucagon secretion which is unaffected by blood glucose levels.
- Diet, weight loss, and medications can help to stall its advancement, control blood sugar, and possibly prevent or even reverse type 2 diabetes.
High Carb Intake And Type 2 Diabetes
If you are suffering from type 2 diabetes (or at least know someone who is), then you’re probably aware of how a high carbohydrate intake can have a negative effect on an individual with this condition. However, this is a much more complex and delicate subject. First of all, not every carb is the same.